Right beneath “Eiffel Tower,” is the statue of the man who designed it – the legendary Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. This master engineer established and contracted a firm practising metal architectural work, and its supreme accomplishment was the Eiffel Tower. Before that, Eiffel oversaw the grand Bordeaux railway bridge in the South West of France. However, his outstanding career climaxed and ceased in 1889 with the Eiffel Tower. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel graduated from the reputable French “École Centrale Des Arts et Manufactures,” and is likewise recognised for his contribution to New York’s Statue of Liberty.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in the Côte-d’Or. Interestingly, his family assumed the name Eiffel to patron the “Eifel Mountains,” from where they had arrived. Gustave’s certified birthname was Bonickhausen Dit Eiffel, officially changed in 1880. In 1889, Emile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin presented the designs of the Eiffel Tower for a centrepiece in Exposition Universelle. Originally, Eiffel displayed limited interest, however, he did authorise the project, and urged Stephen Sauvestre to attach architectural elaborations. Sauvestre added the embellishing arches to the bottom, a glass arcade to the first level and the cupola to the uppermost portion. Eiffel then purchased the patent of the design from Koechlin, Nougier and Sauvestre.
Eiffel Tower typifies art of the modern engineer, the era of Industry and Science, the 18th-century scientific-evolution and the 1789 revolution, to which this exemplar is an illustration of France’s gratitude. On January 08th in 1887, a contract was signed by Eiffel being given 1.5 million francs towards the building costs. Work on the grounds began January end. The estimated cost was 6.5 million francs. Since, Eiffel was to collect all commercial income, during the exhibition and for next 20-years, he founded a disparate company to control the tower premises. The drawing office delivered 1,700 customary and 3,629 intricate drawings of the 18,038 parts, thereby recruiting 250 on the site. Initially, 4-legs were built as cantilevers at 54° angle from the ground, banking on the anchoring bolts in the foundation blocks. It worked great until they advanced partly to the first level.
After a concise pause, construction of the metalwork resumed, and the four legs were successfully linked to each other in March 1888. The foremost structural work was concluded by March-end. On the 31st, a select group of government officials and press representatives were shown to the top of the tower. The lift wasn’t operational at the time, thus the climb took over an hour, with Eiffel periodically halting to demonstrate various features of the tower. By June, Eiffel Tower had relinquished to the 2nd-level and was used for a fireworks display on Bastille Day. Eiffel’s value as an engineer is twofold.
Not only, did he embrace innovative techniques by others, but was also, a pathfinder in his perseverance on basing engineering judgments on the meticulous calculation of the forces involved. He would often consolidate his analytical methods with precision in design and production. Eiffel Tower is significant because of its part in securing the artistic perspective of compositions whose appearance is ordained by pragmatic tolerances.