Köln or Cologne is a fountainhead of demonstrations, led by it’s imposing church whose fretwork twin spires dominate its skylines. This 4th-largest German city was established by Romans in 38 BC who gave it its name, Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium. The Roman colony of Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium was set in Rhineland and called Colonia. After the city served as the capital of the Roman province and the military headquarters, it became the capital of Germania Secunda with administrative reforms under Diocletian.
Set in, a remodelled gothic old town, this cultural hub was ‘originally’ built, as the Roman Colonia in the 1st-century AD. Since then, Cologne has blossomed into a meaningful trading centre, a legend solidified in the middle ages and upheld even today. Contrarily, Cologne is a breathing work of architecture and history. Roaming around the town, I stumbled upon medieval churches, museums, avant-garde structures, an ancient Roman wall, indescribable postwar buildings and a new postmodern quarter beside River Rhine.
Cologne’s museum scene is influential when it comes to art, sports, chocolate and Roman history. The city museums exhibit world-class craftsmanship! While Museum Ludwig features 20th-century craftsmanship inclusive of magnum opuses by Picasso, the Romano-Germanic Museum houses ancient Roman masterpieces. Many artefacts from the ancient capital survive, including the arch of the biblical city gate (featuring the inscription CCAA), now hosted by the Romano-Germanic Museum.
The Twin Spired Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral is invariably Germany’s single most-visited tourist attraction. Hence, I couldn’t have missed out this one while I was in town. This hallmark cathedral was built beside River Rhine, in the early 12th-century through the feast of the Assumption of Mary. The church is home to ancient relics such as “The Three Wise Men,” carried from Milan after the last city, was conquered in 1164. For this reason, Cologne Cathedral became a noticeable stand out amongst other European pilgrimage places. In recent times, this cathedral stands as Cologne’s 2nd-tallest structure, after the telecommunications tower. UNESCO announced Cologne Cathedral a World Heritage Site in 1996.
Titisee – Cologne: 2 hours 45 minutes
Mannheim – Cologne: 1 hour 30 minutes